Regular exercise is considered to be a good old-fashioned, preventive practice that helps people “be healthy” and prevent many conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and many other conditions. On this episode, we want to take a moment and answer the question - why do people really work out? It can’t always be just to be healthy, especially given many social pressures to appear a certain way, and evidence that sheds light on the fact that overweight people and short people get paid less, in comparison to their tall and thin co-workers (according to Forbes), and that women are attracted more to muscular men (according to MensHealth). It may very well be the case that people work out - to look good and fit in, more so than “to be healthy”, which can in turn, result in unhealthy behaviors.
On this episode, we wanted to take a moment and test our debate skills and answer the question - should college be mandatory? Is there sufficient sociological, economic and personal evidence to suggest that we should all be required to attend college?
Have you ever heard anyone say that a glass of wine is good for the heart? Well, according to an article published on the Lancet on August 23rd, 2018, which looked at global patterns of alcohol consumption states, “...the safest level of drinking is none. This level is in conflict with most health guidelines, which espouse health benefits associated with consuming up to two drinks per day”. On this episode, we wanted to have a conversation about social drinking, binge drinking, not drinking at all and casual drinking. Does contemporary research on alcohol change our drinking behaviors?
Have you ever wondered why workweeks are usually 40-hours? In 1890, the government tracked worker’s hours and found that manufacturing laborers worked about 100 hours a week! In 1916, congress passed the Adamson Act, which established an 8 hour workday for railroad workers. Ten years later, Ford Motor Companies implemented a 5-day, 40 hour workweek. An amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act went into effect in October of 1940, which limited the workweek to 40 hours, down from 44 hours when it was first passed in 1938. Fast-forwarding to our current day, almost 80 years later... how’s our 40-hour workweek going? Does the Fair Labor Standards Act need a little more...amending?
A hospital-based study had over 1,000 adult patients interact with several physicians who had fake piercings and tattoos. The patients were asked about the physician’s competence, professionalism, caring attitude, approachability, trustworthiness and reliability. All five qualities were rated highly over 75 percent of the time, regardless of whether patients were treated by a doctor with tattoos or piercings. This study led us to propose the question - are visible tattoos simply becoming a norm in the workplace setting?
According to an article published in Science Advances, sociologist Elizabeth Bruch, Ph.D., and Mark Newman, Ph.D., a physics professor, collected DMs received by online daters across four cities to determine level of desirability. On this episode, we discuss trends in online dating, usage of data to identify social patterns and of course - social implications and new knowledge that can come from this!
According to an article published by the Pew Research Center, most people who attend religious services state that they attend church, synagogue or mosque to feel closer to God. Those who don’t attend religious services tend to be younger, more educated and democratic. Moreover, about 37% of survey respondents indicated that they don’t attend religious services, but they practice faith in other ways. On this episode, we explore some of the perceptions and traits of those who are churchgoers, some motivations for attending and why some opt not to go often or at all… as well as social implications, of course.
According to a study by sociologist Andrew Zekeri (Zekeri, 2004), oral communication skills were the number one skill college graduates found useful in the business world. Nonetheless, there are many other surveys out there that confirm that public speaking, and not many other things - including death - is one of people’s biggest fears. An article published by the Washington Post illustrated that fear of public speaking is America's biggest phobia (approximately 25%). Other fears included clowns (7.6%), ghosts (7.3%), and zombies (8.9%). If it is the case that public speaking skills are so invaluable -- why are people so afraid? How can we overcome these fears, to improve this crucial, and scarce, skill?
Contemporarily, many people have perceived polygamy to be something repulsive, sinful, immoral and inappropriate. According to an article published in Psychology Today, there seems to be trends alluding to the opposite - more and more people are being open about having multiple partners. Are we going “backwards” when it comes to the concept of what constitutes romantic relationships? Or, are we becoming more liberal?
According to an article published on the Huffington Post, children who have good relationships with their fathers and feel loved by them, tend to have fewer behavioral problems, and appear to engage in alcohol and drug abuse far less. Conversely, when fathers are less engaged, children are more likely to dropout of school earlier and exhibit behavioral and substance abuse issues. We have noticed that presently, there is a gap in the literature regarding the importance of the relationship between fathers and their sons. On today’s episode, we are joined by Dr. Antonio M. Harrison, founder of Renaissance Behavior LLC, which is an organization that builds, fosters, and nourishes a healthy relationship between fathers and sons.
As of July 1st, Maryland instituted the Online Electioneering and Transparency Act, which requires companies such as Google, Facebook, Twitter and others with at least 100,000 unique monthly users to keep record of online political ads. On this episode, we dive beyond the ethics of online political ads, and discuss the ethics of regulating political ads altogether.
According to a Gallup poll, 8 in 10 Americans report they “frequently” or “sometimes” experience stress in their daily lives, compared to about 21 percent who say they “rarely” or “never” do. It’s no question that stress, has always been prevalent here in America, and that many Americans don’t seek therapy or counseling, be it for personal reasons, because they’re just too busy, or because of social stigma associated with therapy. On today’s episode, we’re joined by virtual counselor, Aida Vazin, licensed therapist who provides therapy online and helps people overcome the stressors of everyday life!
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention reports that nearly 45,000 Americans commit suicide each year. The average rate of suicide in 2015 was 13.26 per 100,000 in the population. In the same year, the states of Montana, Wyoming and Alaska were the top 3 states for suicide attempts, way above the national average, and the state of New Jersey was the state with the least amount of suicides per 100,000 residents. On today's episode, in light of the recent suicides of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain, we wanted to have a conversation about trends, motivations and facts around this public health and social issue, as well as share some ideas on how to prevent or reduce suicide in the population.
According to the U.S. Travel Association, $1.03 trillion in traveler spending generated $2.4 trillion in economic output and supported 15.6 million American jobs. Not only is travel a leisure thing we do after having accumulated sufficient vacation time at work to take a break from reality, but it’s also great in supporting the economy, and we always come back home learning a few life lessons as we transition back to the grind. On this episode, we’ll have a casual conversation about recent and planned vacations, and what we have experienced on our travels!
According to Pew Research Center, about 25% of parents are unmarried, which is vastly different from 1968, where only about 4% of parents were unmarried. Research finds that after one year, about three-in-ten young adults get married, 9% break up the relationship and 62% continue cohabiting. Moreover, among adults aged 25 and older, 23% of males and 17% of females have reported being never married. On this episode, we discuss the overall topic of marriage in society and we try to answer the question - why are more couples cohabiting in lieu of getting married? And, is this a good thing? Or not...
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), about 1 of every 5 adults in the U.S. experience mental illness during any given year. In 1949, Mental Health America started a yearly observation which elevates the importance of addressing mental health, along with media campaigns, events and screenings. On this episode, the team at Ology Research Group wanted to acknowledge the national observance and talk about this relevant topic and its applicability in today’s time.
Historically, the United States has been a beacon of hope, and the symbol of opportunity and the chance for a new life to immigrants. From Pilgrims seeking religious freedom in the 1600s, to those seeking opportunity during the early 19th century, and most recently, those seeking asylum from war and violence-stricken countries. Over the last several months, we have seen acts at our executive level of government, which have been interpreted as anti-immigrant. On this episode, we discuss some of the social implications of the current administration’s actions, including cancellation of Temporary Protective Status, construction of the wall on the southern border and banning visitors from certain countries and religions.
In 2016, a researcher from Columbia University’s Teachers College published a study which discovered that high-school students’ science grades improved after they learned about the struggles of renowned scientists, such as Einstein and Marie Curie, while students who only knew about scientists’ successes, experienced declines in their grades. On this episode, we explore the concepts of goal setting and failures, setbacks and achievements, and how struggling has helped us in our professional and personal endeavors.
With over 1.86 billion monthly active users, Facebook is increasingly expected take on the social responsibilities of managing cyber bullying, censoring hate speech while at the same time ensuring that free speech is protected. As an example, 87% of cyber bullying among teenagers occurs on Facebook, while over 87 million people may have had their data harvested by Cambridge Analytica, which some experts say may have impacted the 2016 Presidential Election. There is also growing distrust among conservatives that Facebook censors their conservative voice on the social platform. Today, we discuss the nature of free speech, corporate responsibility, and the ethical concerns for placing our trust in a corporation to safeguard our constitutional rights.
According to an article found on Cheatsheet.com, there are many reasons why these days, job hunting can be an extremely difficult task. These reasons include extremely long applications, getting a job that doesn’t fit what you’re looking for, personality tests, jobs that don’t really exist, and not hearing back from hiring managers. On this episode, we share some tips on how to make your job search and interviews successful, maximize your chance of being called, and how to save something more precious than money… your time!