Religious fundamentalism refers to the belief of an individual or a group of individuals in the absolute authority of a sacred religious text or teachings of a particular religious leader, prophet, and/or God. Over the past several years, we have witnessed stories about extremist groups, whose actions are generally blamed on their religious beliefs. On this episode, we seek to answer the question: what are the elements that cultivates extreme groups? Is religion really to blame? Or are these groups an extension of a failed state system?